Molecule Systematic Names and Common Names
What are Molecule Systematic Names and Common Names?
Molecule Systematic Names are derived with a nomenclature system for simple organic molecules.
Some rules used by the nomenclature system for binary (two-element) molecules are:
Here is the list of Greek prefixes used in the nomenclature system:
Number of Greek Elements Prefix --------- ------ 1 mono- (not used on the first element) 2 di- 3 tri- 4 tetra- 5 penta- 6 hexa- 7 hepta- 8 octa- 9 nona- 10 deca-
Examples of systematic names for binary molecules are:
Systematic Names Formula -------------------- ------- Dihydrogen Monoxide H₂O Carbon Dioxide CO₂ Nitrogen Monoxide NO Dinitrogen Monoxide N₂O Disulfur Dichloride S₂Cl₂ Dichlorine Heptoxide Cl₂O₇
The diagram below shows you how the systematic name Dichlorine Heptoxide is derived for Cl₂O₇:
Molecule Common Names are commonly used names for some popular molecules.
Examples of common names are:
Common Names Formula --------------- ------- Water H₂O Ethanol C₂H₆O
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2023-01-24, 280👍, 0💬
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