"babel -o svg" Command - SVG Generation Options


What options can I use when generating SVG pictures from molecule input data?

✍: FYIcenter.com


You can see a list of options supported by Open Babel when generating SVG pictures from molecule input data by running the "babel -H svg" command:

fyicenter$ babel -V
Open Babel 2.4.1
fyicenter$ babel -H svg
svg  SVG 2D depiction
Scalable Vector Graphics 2D rendering of molecular structure.

When called from commandline or GUI or otherwise via Convert(),
single molecules are displayed at a fixed scale, as in normal diagrams,
but multiple molecules are displayed in a table which expands to fill
the containing element, such as a browser window.
When WriteMolecule() is called directly, without going through
WriteChemObject, e.g. via OBConversion::Write(), a fixed size image by
default 200 x 200px containing a single molecule is written. The size
can be specified by the P output option.

Multiple molecules are displayed in a grid of dimensions specified by
the ``-xr`` and ``-xc`` options (number of rows and columns respectively
and ``--rows``, ``--cols`` with babel).
When displayed in most modern browsers, like Firefox, there is
javascript support for zooming (with the mouse wheel)
and panning (by dragging with the left mouse button).

If both ``-xr`` and ``-xc`` are specified, they define the maximum number of
molecules that are displayed.
If only one of them is displayed, then the other is calculated so that
ALL the molecules are displayed.
If neither are specified, all the molecules are output in an
approximately square table.

By default, 2D atom coordinates are generated (using gen2D) unless they
are already present. This can be slow with a large number of molecules.
(3D coordinates are ignored.) Include ``--gen2D`` explicitly if you wish
any existing 2D coordinates to be recalculated.

Write Options e.g. -xu
 u no element-specific atom coloring
    Use this option to produce a black and white diagram
 U do not use internally-specified color
    e.g. atom color read from cml or generated by internal code
 b <color> background color, default white
    e.g ``-xb yellow`` or ``-xb #88ff00`` ``-xb none`` is transparent.
    Just ``-xb`` is black with white bonds.
    The atom symbol colors work with black and white backgrounds,
    but may not with other colors.
 B <color> bond color, default black
    e.g ``-xB`` yellow or ``-xB #88ff00``
 C do not draw terminal C (and attached H) explicitly
    The default is to draw all hetero atoms and terminal C explicitly,
    together with their attached hydrogens.
 a draw all carbon atoms
    So propane would display as H3C-CH2-CH3
 d do not display molecule name
 s use asymmetric double bonds
 t use thicker lines
 e embed molecule as CML
    OpenBabel can read the resulting svg file as a cml file.
 p# px Scale to bond length(single mol only)
 P# px Single mol in defined size image
    The General option --px # is an alternative to the above.
 c# number of columns in table
 cols# number of columns in table(not displayed in GUI)
 r# number of rows in table
 rows# number of rows in table(not displayed in GUI)
 N# max number objects to be output
 l draw grid lines
 h <condition><color> highlight mol if condition is met
    The condition can use descriptors and properties,
    See documentation on ``--filter`` option for details.
    Specifying the highlight color is optional.
 i add index to each atom
    These indices are those in sd or mol files and correspond to the
    order of atoms in a SMILES string.
 j do not embed javascript
    Javascript is not usually embedded if there is only one molecule,
    but it is if the rows and columns have been specified as 1: ``-xr1 -xc1``
 x omit XML declaration (not displayed in GUI)
    Useful if the output is to be embedded in another xml file.
 X All atoms are explicitly declared 
    Useful if we don't want any extra hydrogens drawn to fill the valence.
 A display aliases, if present
    This applies to structures which have an alternative, usually
    shorter, representation already present. This might have been input
    from an A or S superatom entry in an sd or mol file, or can be
    generated using the --genalias option. For example::
      obabel -:"c1cc(C=O)ccc1C(=O)O" -O out.svg
             --genalias -xA
    would add a aliases COOH and CHO to represent the carboxyl and
    aldehyde groups and would display them as such in the svg diagram.
    The aliases which are recognized are in data/superatom.txt, which
    can be edited.
 S Ball and stick depiction of molecules
    Depicts the molecules as balls and sticks instead of the
    normal line style.

If the input molecule(s) contain explicit hydrogen, you could consider
improving the appearance of the diagram by adding an option ``-d`` to make
it implicit. Hydrogen on hetero atoms and on explicitly drawn C is
always shown.
For example, if input.smi had 10 molecules::

      obabel input.smi -O out.svg -xb -xC -xe

would produce a svg file with a black background, with no explicit
terminal carbon, and with an embedded cml representation of each
molecule. The structures would be in two rows of four and one row
of two.

 This format is Write-only

Note that Open Babel 2.4.1 has a couple of new features comparing to 2.3.1:

  • "-xS" - New option to generate ball and stick depiction of molecules.
  • "-xX" - New option to make all atoms explicitly declared.
  • Two-level "svg" structure for single molecule.

See next tutorials for details.


"obabel ... -o svg" Command - Generate SVG from SMILES

"babel ... -o svg" - Generating SVG Pictures

"babel ... -o svg" - Generating SVG Pictures

⇑⇑ Open Babel Tutorials

2021-07-19, 733🔥, 0💬